Court: University of Iowa Violated Religious Club’s First Amendment Rights
A federal appeals court has upheld a 2019 ruling against the University of Iowa, affirming that the university discriminated against a Christian club by stripping it and dozens of other religious clubs of their registered status.
A three-judge panel of the U.S. 8th Circuit Court of Appeals on Friday found that a lower federal court correctly ruled that the university can’t selectively deregister student organizations. The lawsuit was originally filed by InterVarsity Christian Fellowship after university administrators deregistered its local chapter along with a dozen other religious groups.
The university moved to deregister the groups after another faith-based group, Business Leaders in Christ, sued the university for kicking it off campus following a complaint that it wouldn’t let an openly gay member seek a leadership post.
The appeals court said Friday that the university engaged in “viewpoint discrimination” by selectively enforcing policies requiring all clubs to offer equal opportunity and access to members regardless race, religion, national origin, age, gender, sexual orientation, or gender identity.
The university exempts sororities, fraternities, and some sports clubs from its policy prohibiting sex discrimination and allows some groups to require members to be of specific racial groups, the appeals court said. It even allowed one group, LoveWorks, to require its members to sign a “gay-affirming statement of Christian faith” while disqualifying groups that required members to affirm different religious statements of faith, the court said.
“The university’s choice to selectively apply the Human Rights Policy against InterVarsity suggests a preference for certain viewpoints — like those of LoveWorks — over InterVarsity’s,” Circuit Judge Jonathan Allen Kobes wrote for the panel. “The university focused its ‘clean up’ on specific religious groups and then selectively applied the Human Rights Policy against them. Other groups were simply glossed over or ignored.”
Attorneys with the Iowa Attorney General’s Office who are listed on court filings as representing the university did not immediately return phone messages Friday seeking comment. Email messages sent to various university media relations contacts seeking comment also were not immediately returned.
Daniel Blomberg, an attorney for InterVarsity, said Friday’s ruling puts other schools on notice.
“Schools are supposed to be a place of free inquiry and open thought, but the school officials here punished opinions they didn’t like and promoted ones they did — all while using taxpayer dollars to do it,” Blomberg said.
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